Botryococcus braunii Kützing >>
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Botryococcus braunii Kützing 1849: 892
Original publication: Kützing, F.T. (1849). Species algarum. pp. [i]-vi, -922. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: F.A. Brockhaus.
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
This is a freshwater species.
(20 Sep 2010) - B. braunii has liquid-hydrocarbon biosynthetic capabilities and is therefore a promising source of renewable hydrocarbon fuels (Weiss et al. 2010).
Type locality: In lacu Neoburgense, Helvetiae [Lake Neuenburg, also known as Lake Neuchatel, Switzerland] (Kützing 1849: 892). Type: A. Braun 115; L? Notes: Isotype: UC 790500
Detailed distribution with sources
(as Botryococcus braunii Kützing)
Arctic: Ellesmere Island (Croasdale 1973).
Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Britain (John & Tsarenko 2002, Whitton et al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Germany (Täuscher 2014), Poland (Kokocinski et al. 2010), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012), Spain (Alvárez Cobelas & Gallardo 1986, Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998, Fanés Treviño et al., 2009, Fanés Treviño, Comas González & Sánchez Castillo 2009, Fanés Treviño et al., 2009).
Caribbean Islands: Martinique (Plain, Largeau, Derenne & Couté 1993).
South America: Brazil (Menezes 2010).
South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Soylu & Gonulol 2006).
South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham et al. 2011).
Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Day et al. 1995), New Zealand (Broady et al. 2012), Northern Territory (Day et al. 1995), Queensland (Day et al. 1995, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), Tasmania (Day et al. 1995), Victoria (Day et al. 1995).
(21 Sep 2010) - Results of phylogenetic analysis by Sayama et al. (1995: 419) indicated that B. braunii Kützing Berkeley strain is a member of the Chlorophyta and possibly related to Characium vacuolatum and Dunaliella parva (Chlorophyceae). Senousy et al. (2004) investigated the phylogenetic placement of four isolates of B. braunii (representing A, B and L chemical races). They found that these four isolates form a monophyletic group whose closest relatives are in the Trebouxiophyceae (unrelated to the sequence reported by Sawayama et al. 1995). The closest known relative of the four isolates of B. braunii is the genus Choricystis. Senousy et al. consider polyphyly of B. braunii to be unlikely and suggest that the presence of a contaminant could explain the results. Weiss et al. (2010) isolated the Berkeley strain nuclear SSU (18S) rRNA and ß-actin cDNA and used these sequences for phylogenetic analysis to confirm that the Berkeley strain belongs to the Tebouxiophyceae.
Fanés Treviño, I., Sánchez-Castillo, P. & Comas González, A. (2009). Contribution to the taxonomic study of the family Botryococcaceae (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) in southern Spain. Cryptogamie, Algologie 30(1): 17-30.
Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.
John, D.M. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2002). Order Chlorococcales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 327-409. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kim, J.K. & Kim, H.S. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 6, Number 2 Chlorophyta: Chlorophyceae: Chlorococcales I: Micractiniaceae, Botryococcaceae, Characiaceae, Hydrodictyaceae. pp. [1-4], 1-117, figs 1-92. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.
Tsarenko, P.M. (2011). Trebouxiophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-108. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G..
UTEX Culture LB 572 Botryococcus braunii
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CCAP Strain Number 807/1 Botryococcus braunii Kützing
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Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Last updated: 18 March 2014 by M.D. Guiry
Database Version: v4.2
Accesses: This record has been accessed 16431 times since it was created.
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