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Botryococcus braunii Kützing  >>

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Index Nominum Algarum

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Botryococcus braunii (1)
Kitsap Lake, Washington, USA; 1000x DIC. 12 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun.

Botryococcus braunii (2)
Seattle, Washington, USA; Ship Canal, 1000x DIC. 02 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun.

Botryococcus braunii (3)
Anderson Lake, Washington, USA; 400x DIC. 18 May 2008. Karl Bruun.

Botryococcus braunii (4)
Anderson Lake, Washington, USA; 400x DIC. 18 May 2008. Karl Bruun.


Botryococcus braunii Kützing

Publication details
Botryococcus braunii Kützing 1849: 892

Original publication: Kützing, F.T. (1849). Species algarum. pp. [i]-vi, [1]-922. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: F.A. Brockhaus.

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

This is a freshwater species.

Usage notes
(20 Sep 2010) - B. braunii has liquid-hydrocarbon biosynthetic capabilities and is therefore a promising source of renewable hydrocarbon fuels (Weiss et al. 2010).

Type information
Type locality: In lacu Neoburgense, Helvetiae [Lake Neuenburg, also known as Lake Neuchatel, Switzerland] (Kützing 1849: 892). Type: A. Braun 115; L? Notes: Isotype: UC 790500

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Botryococcus braunii Kützing)
Arctic: Ellesmere Island (Croasdale 1973).

Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Britain (John & Tsarenko 2002, Whitton et al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Germany (Täuscher 2014), Poland (Kokocinski et al. 2010), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012), Spain (Alvárez Cobelas & Gallardo 1986, Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998, Fanés Treviño et al., 2009, Fanés Treviño, Comas González & Sánchez Castillo 2009, Fanés Treviño et al., 2009).

North America: Arkansas (Smith 2010), Great Lakes (Prescott 1962), Ontario (Xenopoulos & Frost, 2003).

Caribbean Islands: Martinique (Plain, Largeau, Derenne & Couté 1993).

South America: Brazil (Menezes 2010).

South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Soylu & Gonulol 2006).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006), Korea (Kim & Kim 2012), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham et al. 2011).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Day et al. 1995), New Zealand (Broady et al. 2012), Northern Territory (Day et al. 1995), Queensland (Day et al. 1995, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), Tasmania (Day et al. 1995), Victoria (Day et al. 1995).

Taxonomic notes
(21 Sep 2010) - Results of phylogenetic analysis by Sayama et al. (1995: 419) indicated that B. braunii Kützing Berkeley strain is a member of the Chlorophyta and possibly related to Characium vacuolatum and Dunaliella parva (Chlorophyceae). Senousy et al. (2004) investigated the phylogenetic placement of four isolates of B. braunii (representing A, B and L chemical races). They found that these four isolates form a monophyletic group whose closest relatives are in the Trebouxiophyceae (unrelated to the sequence reported by Sawayama et al. 1995). The closest known relative of the four isolates of B. braunii is the genus Choricystis. Senousy et al. consider polyphyly of B. braunii to be unlikely and suggest that the presence of a contaminant could explain the results. Weiss et al. (2010) isolated the Berkeley strain nuclear SSU (18S) rRNA and ß-actin cDNA and used these sequences for phylogenetic analysis to confirm that the Berkeley strain belongs to the Tebouxiophyceae.

Key references
Fanés Treviño, I., Sánchez-Castillo, P. & Comas González, A. (2009). Contribution to the taxonomic study of the family Botryococcaceae (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) in southern Spain. Cryptogamie, Algologie 30(1): 17-30.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Kim, J.K. & Kim, H.S. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 6, Number 2 Chlorophyta: Chlorophyceae: Chlorococcales I: Micractiniaceae, Botryococcaceae, Characiaceae, Hydrodictyaceae. pp. [1-4], 1-117, figs 1-92. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Korshikov, O. (1953). Viznachnik prisnovodnihk vodorostey Ukrainsykoi RSR [Vyp] V. Pidklas Protokokovi (Protococcineae). Bakuol'ni (Vacuolales) ta Protokokovi (Protococcales) [The Freshwater Algae of the Ukrainian SSR. V. Sub-Class Protococcineae. Vacuolales and Protococcales]. pp. 1-439. Kyjv [Kiev]: Akad. NAUK URSR.

Tsarenko, P.M. (2011). Trebouxiophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-108. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G..

Tsarenko, P.M.& John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Trebouxiales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 499-500. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

UTEX Cultures
UTEX Culture LB 572 Botryococcus braunii
Go to UTEX Site

CCAP Cultures
CCAP Strain Number 807/1 Botryococcus braunii Kützing
Go to CCAP Site

SAG Cultures
30.81 Botryococcus braunii
807-1 Botryococcus braunii

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Last updated: 06 February 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Database Version: v4.2

Accesses: This record has been accessed 17078 times since it was created.


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