Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P.C.Silva >>
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Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P.C.Silva in P.C. Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 333
Original publication: Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.
Eucheuma alvarezii Doty
Holotype locality: Creagh Reef, south of Semporna, Sabah, Malaysia (Doty 1985: 38). Holotype: 13 October 1078; Growing attached to calcareous solid materials of detrital origin near the channel west of Karindingan Island on Creagh Reef. BISH MSD 28727 (Doty 1985: 38). Notes: Within 0.5 km of this same site, paratype collections were made of similar specimens on 10 July 1079 and 25 October 1979 (distributed to BISH,US).
Named for Mr. Vicente Alvarez, a biologist of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources who became the first Manager of Marine Colloids in the Philippines.
This is a Marine species.
(14 Jan 2011) - According to Solis et al. (2010), three isolates of marine fungi (Aspergillus ochraceus, A. terreus and Phoma sp. induced ice-ice disease symptoms (thallus bleaching) in healthy, non-axenic cultures of K. alvarezii.
Detailed distribution with sources
(as Eucheuma cottonii var. erecta )
South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987).
Pacific Islands: Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003).
(as Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P.C.Silva)
Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Suárez 2005).
Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2011 ).
Africa: Kenya (Wakibia et al 2006).
South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Malaysia (Doty 1988), Philippines (Doty 1988, Solis et al. 2010), Vietnam (Tsutsui et al. 2005, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012).
Pacific Islands: Federated States of Micronesia (Doty 1988, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007 ), Tahiti (Littler & Littler 2003).
Invalid publication of combination by Doty (1988): inadequate citation of basionym; subsequently validated by P.C. Silva.
Doty, M.S. (1988). Podromus ad systematica Eucheumatoideorum: a tribe of commercial seaweeds related to Eucheuma (Solieriaceae, Gigartinales). In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 159-207. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program [Report T-CSGCP-018].
Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. -264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.
Solis, M.J.L., Draeger, S. & dela Cruz, T.E.E. (2010). Marine-derived fungi from Kappaphycus alvarezii and K. striatum as potential causative agents of ice-ice disease in farmed seaweeds. Botanica Marina 53(6): 587-594.
Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. -376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Wakibia, J.G., Bolton, J.J., Keats, D.W. & Raitt, L.M. (2006). Seasonal changes in carrageenan yield and gel properties in three commercial eucheumoids grown in southern Kenya. Botanica Marina 49: 208-215.
Created: 19 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry
Last updated: 26 February 2013 by M.D. Guiry
Database Version: v4.2
Accesses: This record has been accessed 37128 times since it was created.
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