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Kappaphycus alvarezii

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Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P.C.Silva  >>

Uses and Compounds
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Aquaculture Data
Taxonomy

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Pictures:
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Kappaphycus alvarezii (1)
"Line stripper" used for harvesting in Brazil. 02 Apr 2010. Leila Hayashi.

Kappaphycus alvarezii (2)
"Line stripper" used for harvesting in Brazil. 02 Apr 2010. Leila Hayashi.

Kappaphycus alvarezii (3)
Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil; sun-dried samples from experimental farming. 08 Feb 2010. Leila Hayashi.

Kappaphycus alvarezii (4)
Brown strain of Kappaphycus alvarezii cultivated in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.. 21 May 2009. Leila Hayashi.

Kappaphycus alvarezii (5)
Brown, green and red strains of Kappaphycus alvarezii planted in tubular nets, cultivated in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.. 21 May 2009. Leila Hayashi.

Kappaphycus alvarezii (6)
Paje, Zanzibar; fixed off-bottom cultivation. 11 Apr 2005. M.D. Guiry.

Kappaphycus alvarezii (7)
Paje, Zanzibar; fixed off-bottom cultivation. 11 Apr 2005. M.D. Guiry.

Kappaphycus alvarezii (8)
Paje, Zanzibar; fixed off-bottom cultivation. 11 Apr 2005. M.D. Guiry.

Kappaphycus alvarezii (9)
Paje, Zanzibar; dry material packed for shipment. 11 Apr 2005. M.D. Guiry.

Kappaphycus alvarezii (10)
Paje, Zanzibar; compressing dry material for shipment. 11 Apr 2005. M.D. Guiry.

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Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P.C.Silva

Publication details
Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P.C.Silva in P.C. Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 333

Original publication: Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Basionym
Eucheuma alvarezii Doty

Type information
Holotype locality: Creagh Reef, south of Semporna, Sabah, Malaysia (Doty 1985: 38). Holotype: 13 October 1078; Growing attached to calcareous solid materials of detrital origin near the channel west of Karindingan Island on Creagh Reef. BISH MSD 28727 (Doty 1985: 38). Notes: Within 0.5 km of this same site, paratype collections were made of similar specimens on 10 July 1079 and 25 October 1979 (distributed to BISH,US).

Eponomy
Named for Mr. Vicente Alvarez, a biologist of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources who became the first Manager of Marine Colloids in the Philippines.

Synonym(s)
Eucheuma cottonii var. erecta
Eucheuma cottonii Weber-van Bosse 1913
Eucheuma alvarezii Doty 1985

Habitat
This is a Marine species.

Usage notes
(14 Jan 2011) - According to Solis et al. (2010), three isolates of marine fungi (Aspergillus ochraceus, A. terreus and Phoma sp. induced ice-ice disease symptoms (thallus bleaching) in healthy, non-axenic cultures of K. alvarezii.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Eucheuma cottonii var. erecta )
South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987).

(as Eucheuma cottonii Weber-van Bosse)
Asia: Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987).

Pacific Islands: Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003).

(as Eucheuma alvarezii Doty)
South-east Asia: Malaysia (Doty 1985), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987).

(as Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P.C.Silva)
Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Suárez 2005).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2011 ).

Africa: Kenya (Wakibia et al 2006).

Asia: China (Xia & Zhang 1999, Liu 2008, Liu et al. 2011).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Malaysia (Doty 1988), Philippines (Doty 1988, Solis et al. 2010), Vietnam (Tsutsui et al. 2005, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012).

Pacific Islands: Federated States of Micronesia (Doty 1988, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007 ), Tahiti (Littler & Littler 2003).

Nomenclatural notes
Invalid publication of combination by Doty (1988): inadequate citation of basionym; subsequently validated by P.C. Silva.

Key references
Doty, M.S. (1988). Podromus ad systematica Eucheumatoideorum: a tribe of commercial seaweeds related to Eucheuma (Solieriaceae, Gigartinales). In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 159-207. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program [Report T-CSGCP-018].

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Solis, M.J.L., Draeger, S. & dela Cruz, T.E.E. (2010). Marine-derived fungi from Kappaphycus alvarezii and K. striatum as potential causative agents of ice-ice disease in farmed seaweeds. Botanica Marina 53(6): 587-594.

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Wakibia, J.G., Bolton, J.J., Keats, D.W. & Raitt, L.M. (2006). Seasonal changes in carrageenan yield and gel properties in three commercial eucheumoids grown in southern Kenya. Botanica Marina 49: 208-215.

Created: 19 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Last updated: 26 February 2013 by M.D. Guiry

Database Version: v4.2

Accesses: This record has been accessed 37557 times since it was created.

References

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